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Qt给QGraphicsView添加一个缩略图


发布时间: 2022-11-24 19:45:01    浏览次数:30 次

此功能在某些应用里可能会使用到。主要是在QGraphicsView的左上角显示一个小的缩略图,并绘制一个矩形指示当前界面处在整个视图的哪个位置。我实现该功能是用MGraphicsView类继承QGraphicsView,并在其resizeEvent内初始化缩略图。这就要求要在MGraphicsView显示之前给它添加QGraphicsScene和QGraphicsItem,使其在初始化时视图内已有内容;否则它显示的缩略图是空的。你可以在主窗口的构造函数内添加内容。如果你想延迟添加内容,就要修改MGraphicsView的代码。这也很简单,因为整个功能才一百多行代码。下面是效果图(可以看到左上角缩略图中的黑色矩形展示了当前界面处在整个视图的位置):

下面是源代码,头文件:

class MGraphicsView : public QGraphicsView
{
    Q_OBJECT

public:
    MGraphicsView(QWidget *parent = 0);

private slots:
    void scrollBarValueChanged();

private:
    void resizeEvent(QResizeEvent *event) override;
    void updateThumbRoi();

    struct PosInfo
    {
        int min;
        int max;
        int value;
        int page;
    };

private:
    class Thumb;
    Thumb *thumb;
};

class MGraphicsView::Thumb : public QWidget
{
    Q_OBJECT

public:
    using PosInfo = MGraphicsView::PosInfo;
    Thumb(QWidget* parent = 0);
    void updateImage();
    void updateRoi(const PosInfo& xinfo, const PosInfo& yinfo);

private:
    void paintEvent(QPaintEvent *event) override;

private:
    QPixmap background;
    QRect roi;
};

CPP文件:

MGraphicsView::MGraphicsView(QWidget *parent) :
    QGraphicsView(parent)
{
    thumb = new Thumb(this);
    QScrollBar* hsb = horizontalScrollBar();
    connect(hsb, &QScrollBar::valueChanged, this, &MGraphicsView::scrollBarValueChanged);
    QScrollBar* vsb = verticalScrollBar();
    connect(vsb, &QScrollBar::valueChanged, this, &MGraphicsView::scrollBarValueChanged);
}

void MGraphicsView::resizeEvent(QResizeEvent *event)
{
    QGraphicsView::resizeEvent(event);
    thumb->updateImage();
    updateThumbRoi();
}

void MGraphicsView::scrollBarValueChanged()
{
    updateThumbRoi();
}

void MGraphicsView::updateThumbRoi()
{
    QScrollBar* hsb = horizontalScrollBar();
    PosInfo xinfo;
    xinfo.min = hsb->minimum();
    xinfo.max = hsb->maximum();
    xinfo.value = hsb->value();
    xinfo.page = hsb->pageStep();
    QScrollBar* vsb = verticalScrollBar();
    PosInfo yinfo;
    yinfo.min = vsb->minimum();
    yinfo.max = vsb->maximum();
    yinfo.value = vsb->value();
    yinfo.page = vsb->pageStep();
    thumb->updateRoi(xinfo, yinfo);
}

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

MGraphicsView::Thumb::Thumb(QWidget* parent) :
    QWidget(parent)
{
    setFixedSize(120, 120);
}

void MGraphicsView::Thumb::paintEvent(QPaintEvent *)
{
    QPainter painter(this);
    painter.setOpacity(0.8);
    painter.fillRect(QRect(0, 0, width(), height()), QColor(255, 192, 32));
    int xoff = (width() - background.width()) / 2;
    int yoff = (height() - background.height()) / 2;
    painter.drawPixmap(xoff, yoff, background);

    /* 绘制ROI */
    painter.setPen(QColor(32, 32, 32));
    painter.setBrush(Qt::NoBrush);
    painter.drawRect(roi.adjusted(xoff, yoff, xoff, yoff));
}

void MGraphicsView::Thumb::updateImage()
{
    QGraphicsView* view = dynamic_cast<QGraphicsView*>(parent());
    QRectF rect = view->sceneRect();
    qreal ratio = qMin(width() / rect.width(), height() / rect.height());
    background = QPixmap(rect.width() * ratio, rect.height() * ratio);
    QPainter painter(&background);
    QGraphicsScene* sc = view->scene();
    sc->render(&painter);
    update();
}

void MGraphicsView::Thumb::updateRoi(const PosInfo& xinfo, const PosInfo& yinfo)
{
    int w = background.width();
    int xwhole = ((xinfo.max - xinfo.min) + xinfo.page);
    int roiLeft = w * xinfo.value / xwhole;
    int roiWidth = w * xinfo.page / xwhole;
    int h = background.height();
    int ywhole = ((yinfo.max - yinfo.min) + yinfo.page);
    int roiTop = h * yinfo.value / ywhole;
    int roiHeight = h * yinfo.page / ywhole;
    roi = QRect(roiLeft, roiTop, roiWidth, roiHeight);
    update();
}

 

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