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驱动开发:内核枚举Registry注册表回调


发布时间: 2022-11-24 18:24:02    浏览次数:31 次

在笔者上一篇文章《驱动开发:内核枚举LoadImage映像回调》LyShark教大家实现了枚举系统回调中的LoadImage通知消息,本章将实现对Registry注册表通知消息的枚举,与LoadImage消息不同Registry消息不需要解密只要找到CallbackListHead消息回调链表头并解析为_CM_NOTIFY_ENTRY结构即可实现枚举。

我们来看一款闭源ARK工具是如何实现的:

注册表系统回调的枚举需要通过特征码搜索来实现,首先我们可以定位到uf CmUnRegisterCallback内核函数上,在该内核函数下方存在一个CallbackListHead链表节点,取出这个链表地址。

当得到注册表链表入口0xfffff8063a065bc0直接将其解析为_CM_NOTIFY_ENTRY即可得到数据,如果要遍历下一个链表则只需要ListEntryHead.Flink向下移动指针即可。

// 署名权
// right to sign one's name on a piece of work
// PowerBy: LyShark
// Email: me@lyshark.com

// 注册表回调函数结构体定义
typedef struct _CM_NOTIFY_ENTRY
{
  LIST_ENTRY  ListEntryHead;
  ULONG   UnKnown1;
  ULONG   UnKnown2;
  LARGE_INTEGER Cookie;
  PVOID   Context;
  PVOID   Function;
}CM_NOTIFY_ENTRY, *PCM_NOTIFY_ENTRY;

要想得到此处的链表地址,需要先通过MmGetSystemRoutineAddress()获取到CmUnRegisterCallback函数基址,然后在该函数起始位置向下搜索,找到这个链表节点,并将其后面的基地址取出来,在上一篇《驱动开发:内核枚举LoadImage映像回调》文章中已经介绍了定位方式此处跳过介绍,具体实现代码如下。

// 署名权
// right to sign one's name on a piece of work
// PowerBy: LyShark
// Email: me@lyshark.com

#include <ntifs.h>
#include <windef.h>

// 指定内存区域的特征码扫描
// PowerBy: LyShark.com
PVOID SearchMemory(PVOID pStartAddress, PVOID pEndAddress, PUCHAR pMemoryData, ULONG ulMemoryDataSize)
{
	PVOID pAddress = NULL;
	PUCHAR i = NULL;
	ULONG m = 0;

	// 扫描内存
	for (i = (PUCHAR)pStartAddress; i < (PUCHAR)pEndAddress; i++)
	{
		// 判断特征码
		for (m = 0; m < ulMemoryDataSize; m++)
		{
			if (*(PUCHAR)(i + m) != pMemoryData[m])
			{
				break;
			}
		}
		// 判断是否找到符合特征码的地址
		if (m >= ulMemoryDataSize)
		{
			// 找到特征码位置, 获取紧接着特征码的下一地址
			pAddress = (PVOID)(i + ulMemoryDataSize);
			break;
		}
	}

	return pAddress;
}

// 根据特征码获取 CallbackListHead 链表地址
// PowerBy: LyShark.com
PVOID SearchCallbackListHead(PUCHAR pSpecialData, ULONG ulSpecialDataSize, LONG lSpecialOffset)
{
	UNICODE_STRING ustrFuncName;
	PVOID pAddress = NULL;
	LONG lOffset = 0;
	PVOID pCmUnRegisterCallback = NULL;
	PVOID pCallbackListHead = NULL;

	// 先获取 CmUnRegisterCallback 函数地址
	RtlInitUnicodeString(&ustrFuncName, L"CmUnRegisterCallback");
	pCmUnRegisterCallback = MmGetSystemRoutineAddress(&ustrFuncName);
	if (NULL == pCmUnRegisterCallback)
	{
		return pCallbackListHead;
	}

	// 查找 fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
	/*
	lyshark.com>
		nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x6b:
		fffff806`3a4271ab 4533c0          xor     r8d,r8d
		fffff806`3a4271ae 488d542438      lea     rdx,[rsp+38h]
		fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
		fffff806`3a4271ba e855e2e2ff      call    nt!CmListGetNextElement (fffff806`3a255414)
		fffff806`3a4271bf 488bf8          mov     rdi,rax
		fffff806`3a4271c2 4889442440      mov     qword ptr [rsp+40h],rax
		fffff806`3a4271c7 4885c0          test    rax,rax
		fffff806`3a4271ca 0f84c7000000    je      nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x157 (fffff806`3a427297)  Branch
	*/
	pAddress = SearchMemory(pCmUnRegisterCallback, (PVOID)((PUCHAR)pCmUnRegisterCallback + 0xFF), pSpecialData, ulSpecialDataSize);
	if (NULL == pAddress)
	{
		return pCallbackListHead;
	}

	// 先获取偏移再计算地址
	lOffset = *(PLONG)((PUCHAR)pAddress + lSpecialOffset);
	pCallbackListHead = (PVOID)((PUCHAR)pAddress + lSpecialOffset + sizeof(LONG) + lOffset);

	return pCallbackListHead;
}


VOID UnDriver(PDRIVER_OBJECT Driver)
{
}

NTSTATUS DriverEntry(IN PDRIVER_OBJECT Driver, PUNICODE_STRING RegistryPath)
{
	PVOID pCallbackListHeadAddress = NULL;
	RTL_OSVERSIONINFOW osInfo = { 0 };
	UCHAR pSpecialData[50] = { 0 };
	ULONG ulSpecialDataSize = 0;
	LONG lSpecialOffset = 0;

	DbgPrint("hello lyshark.com \n");

	// 查找 fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
	/*
	lyshark.com>
	nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x6b:
	fffff806`3a4271ab 4533c0          xor     r8d,r8d
	fffff806`3a4271ae 488d542438      lea     rdx,[rsp+38h]
	fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
	fffff806`3a4271ba e855e2e2ff      call    nt!CmListGetNextElement (fffff806`3a255414)
	fffff806`3a4271bf 488bf8          mov     rdi,rax
	fffff806`3a4271c2 4889442440      mov     qword ptr [rsp+40h],rax
	fffff806`3a4271c7 4885c0          test    rax,rax
	fffff806`3a4271ca 0f84c7000000    je      nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x157 (fffff806`3a427297)  Branch
	*/
	pSpecialData[0] = 0x48;
	pSpecialData[1] = 0x8D;
	pSpecialData[2] = 0x0D;
	ulSpecialDataSize = 3;

	// 根据特征码获取地址
	pCallbackListHeadAddress = SearchCallbackListHead(pSpecialData, ulSpecialDataSize, lSpecialOffset);

	DbgPrint("[LyShark.com] CallbackListHead => %p \n", pCallbackListHeadAddress);

	Driver->DriverUnload = UnDriver;
	return STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

运行这段代码,并可得到注册表回调入口地址,输出效果如下所示:

得到了注册表回调入口地址,接着直接循环遍历输出这个链表即可得到所有的注册表回调。

// 署名权
// right to sign one's name on a piece of work
// PowerBy: LyShark
// Email: me@lyshark.com

#include <ntifs.h>
#include <windef.h>

// 指定内存区域的特征码扫描
// PowerBy: LyShark.com
PVOID SearchMemory(PVOID pStartAddress, PVOID pEndAddress, PUCHAR pMemoryData, ULONG ulMemoryDataSize)
{
	PVOID pAddress = NULL;
	PUCHAR i = NULL;
	ULONG m = 0;

	// 扫描内存
	for (i = (PUCHAR)pStartAddress; i < (PUCHAR)pEndAddress; i++)
	{
		// 判断特征码
		for (m = 0; m < ulMemoryDataSize; m++)
		{
			if (*(PUCHAR)(i + m) != pMemoryData[m])
			{
				break;
			}
		}
		// 判断是否找到符合特征码的地址
		if (m >= ulMemoryDataSize)
		{
			// 找到特征码位置, 获取紧接着特征码的下一地址
			pAddress = (PVOID)(i + ulMemoryDataSize);
			break;
		}
	}

	return pAddress;
}

// 根据特征码获取 CallbackListHead 链表地址
// PowerBy: LyShark.com
PVOID SearchCallbackListHead(PUCHAR pSpecialData, ULONG ulSpecialDataSize, LONG lSpecialOffset)
{
	UNICODE_STRING ustrFuncName;
	PVOID pAddress = NULL;
	LONG lOffset = 0;
	PVOID pCmUnRegisterCallback = NULL;
	PVOID pCallbackListHead = NULL;

	// 先获取 CmUnRegisterCallback 函数地址
	RtlInitUnicodeString(&ustrFuncName, L"CmUnRegisterCallback");
	pCmUnRegisterCallback = MmGetSystemRoutineAddress(&ustrFuncName);
	if (NULL == pCmUnRegisterCallback)
	{
		return pCallbackListHead;
	}

	// 查找 fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
	/*
	lyshark.com>
		nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x6b:
		fffff806`3a4271ab 4533c0          xor     r8d,r8d
		fffff806`3a4271ae 488d542438      lea     rdx,[rsp+38h]
		fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
		fffff806`3a4271ba e855e2e2ff      call    nt!CmListGetNextElement (fffff806`3a255414)
		fffff806`3a4271bf 488bf8          mov     rdi,rax
		fffff806`3a4271c2 4889442440      mov     qword ptr [rsp+40h],rax
		fffff806`3a4271c7 4885c0          test    rax,rax
		fffff806`3a4271ca 0f84c7000000    je      nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x157 (fffff806`3a427297)  Branch
	*/
	pAddress = SearchMemory(pCmUnRegisterCallback, (PVOID)((PUCHAR)pCmUnRegisterCallback + 0xFF), pSpecialData, ulSpecialDataSize);
	if (NULL == pAddress)
	{
		return pCallbackListHead;
	}

	// 先获取偏移再计算地址
	lOffset = *(PLONG)((PUCHAR)pAddress + lSpecialOffset);
	pCallbackListHead = (PVOID)((PUCHAR)pAddress + lSpecialOffset + sizeof(LONG) + lOffset);

	return pCallbackListHead;
}

// 注册表回调函数结构体定义
typedef struct _CM_NOTIFY_ENTRY
{
	LIST_ENTRY  ListEntryHead;
	ULONG   UnKnown1;
	ULONG   UnKnown2;
	LARGE_INTEGER Cookie;
	PVOID   Context;
	PVOID   Function;
}CM_NOTIFY_ENTRY, *PCM_NOTIFY_ENTRY;

VOID UnDriver(PDRIVER_OBJECT Driver)
{
}

NTSTATUS DriverEntry(IN PDRIVER_OBJECT Driver, PUNICODE_STRING RegistryPath)
{
	PVOID pCallbackListHeadAddress = NULL;
	RTL_OSVERSIONINFOW osInfo = { 0 };
	UCHAR pSpecialData[50] = { 0 };
	ULONG ulSpecialDataSize = 0;
	LONG lSpecialOffset = 0;

	DbgPrint("hello lyshark.com \n");

	// 查找 fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
	/*
	lyshark.com>
	nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x6b:
	fffff806`3a4271ab 4533c0          xor     r8d,r8d
	fffff806`3a4271ae 488d542438      lea     rdx,[rsp+38h]
	fffff806`3a4271b3 488d0d06eac3ff  lea     rcx,[nt!CallbackListHead (fffff806`3a065bc0)]
	fffff806`3a4271ba e855e2e2ff      call    nt!CmListGetNextElement (fffff806`3a255414)
	fffff806`3a4271bf 488bf8          mov     rdi,rax
	fffff806`3a4271c2 4889442440      mov     qword ptr [rsp+40h],rax
	fffff806`3a4271c7 4885c0          test    rax,rax
	fffff806`3a4271ca 0f84c7000000    je      nt!CmUnRegisterCallback+0x157 (fffff806`3a427297)  Branch
	*/
	pSpecialData[0] = 0x48;
	pSpecialData[1] = 0x8D;
	pSpecialData[2] = 0x0D;
	ulSpecialDataSize = 3;

	// 根据特征码获取地址
	pCallbackListHeadAddress = SearchCallbackListHead(pSpecialData, ulSpecialDataSize, lSpecialOffset);

	DbgPrint("[LyShark.com] CallbackListHead => %p \n", pCallbackListHeadAddress);

	// 遍历链表结构
	ULONG i = 0;
	PCM_NOTIFY_ENTRY pNotifyEntry = NULL;

	if (NULL == pCallbackListHeadAddress)
	{
		return FALSE;
	}

	// 开始遍历双向链表
	pNotifyEntry = (PCM_NOTIFY_ENTRY)pCallbackListHeadAddress;
	do
	{
		// 判断pNotifyEntry地址是否有效
		if (FALSE == MmIsAddressValid(pNotifyEntry))
		{
			break;
		}
		// 判断回调函数地址是否有效
		if (MmIsAddressValid(pNotifyEntry->Function))
		{
			DbgPrint("[LyShark.com] 回调函数地址: 0x%p | 回调函数Cookie: 0x%I64X \n", pNotifyEntry->Function, pNotifyEntry->Cookie.QuadPart);
		}

		// 获取下一链表
		pNotifyEntry = (PCM_NOTIFY_ENTRY)pNotifyEntry->ListEntryHead.Flink;

	} while (pCallbackListHeadAddress != (PVOID)pNotifyEntry);

	Driver->DriverUnload = UnDriver;
	return STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

最终运行这个驱动程序,输出如下效果:

目前系统中有两个回调函数,这一点在第一张图片中也可以得到,枚举是正确的。

免责声明 驱动开发:内核枚举Registry注册表回调,资源类别:文本, 浏览次数:31 次, 文件大小:-- , 由本站蜘蛛搜索收录2022-11-24 06:24:02。此页面由程序自动采集,只作交流和学习使用,本站不储存任何资源文件,如有侵权内容请联系我们举报删除, 感谢您对本站的支持。 原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/LyShark/p/16813069.html